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windowsdlls

WindowsDLLs

----

   + Checkout(file)
    - Checkin(file)
-----------------------------------------------
    NetMD.dll                              COM               (AVLib)           c++ code
-----------------------------------------------
            |                        |
            |                        v                        (This equivalent functionality as libnetmd)
            |                      ----------------------------------
            |                             NetMDAPI.dll   / NetMDUSB.sys             c++ code
            |                      -----------------------------------
   + IOmgNetMD::AttemptCheckout, CompleteCheckout...
            |
----------------------------------------------  COM
    OmgNetMD.dll                                                 c++ code
-----------------------------------------------
            |
            | salExec0 ( A procedure in netmd.ocm would implement first step in checkout...)
            |---------------------------------------------------------- netmd.ocm  (encrypted bytecode and c code)
            |
----------------------------------------------  DLL
    salwrap.dll                                                       c++ code
             --------------------------------
                  Application VM
             --------------------------------             <--------------- init.ocm (interpeter, and runtime c libraries)
----------------------------------------------

Virtual Machine overview

----------------------------------
 OpenMG Module
----------------------------------
			|
----------------------------------
ocm_module_proc_X()
----------------------------------
		    |
		 salExec0
...............................................................
 Secure Application Loader
...............................................................
			|
----------------------------------
	 Secure Application 
---------------------------------- 
			^
			|
			v
---------------------------------- Virtual ISA + Virtual ABI (library calls.)
 virtual machine
---------------------------------- ISA
 salwrap (host)
---------------------------------- ISA + ABI
 Windows
---------------------------------- ISA
 Hardware
----------------------------------


* ISA: Instruction Set Architecture.
* Virtual ISA: bytecode architecture.
* ABI: Application Binary Interface: Interface to OS System Calls.
* Virtual ISA: library calls to runtime libraries.

C++ interface to the virtual machine (application loader)

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
using namespace std;

class SalBytecode
{
	SalBytecode(unsigned int);
	clear();
	dataType();
	SalBytecode & operator=(class SalBytecode const &);
	~SalBytecode();

	// Input stream operators
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, long &);
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, SalPointer const &);
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, SalNonConstPointer const &);
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, OmgString const &);
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, SalString const &);
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, SalFileContent const &);
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, SalExtrinsicsProg const &);
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, SalLoadableModule const &);
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, std::vector<unsigned char> &)
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, SalOmgId const &);
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, OmgMmap const &);
	operator<<(SalBytecode &, SalKey const &);

	// Output stream operators
	operator>>(SalBytecode &, std::string<char> &);
	operator>>(SalBytecode &, std::vector<unsigned char> &);
	operator>>(SalBytecode &, SalAsnSeqBegin);
	operator>>(SalBytecode &, SalAsnSeqEnd &);
	operator>>(SalBytecode &, SalNonConstPointer &);
	operator>>(SalBytecode &, OmgString &);

private:
	SalBytecode::SalByteCode_impl_constr(var_size_512);

	// 10 vars
								// var 0
	uchar *StreamBuf;		    // var 1
	int    StreamPos;			// var 2
	long int lenStreamBuf;		// var 3h

	int inArgSize;		// var10: 512
};

void salExec0(SalBytecode& input, SalBytecode& output, int, int, int);

OpenMG Secure Module - Implementation Architecture

* References: Sony Patent EP1 496 439 A1, Fig.6 there is a diagram illustrating the functional structure of the client.

Note: Patent diagram says following:

Security Module:

[0047] A security module 53 performs processing relating to data security, such as encryption of the modules. A request for the security-related processing generated in the modules is sent to the security module 53, and the security module 53 performs encryption or the like in response to the request.

DRM Module:

[0043] Fig. 6 shows an example of the functional structure of the client 1. A DRM (Digital Right Management) module 51 communicates the content, right data, etc., or manages the right data.

Comparision with the implementation:

Playback module, write module, read module, lcm module all communicate directly to the DRM module or Security Module. These modules would be OmgNetMD.dll, MemStick.dll, omgconv2.dll etc, they have connectors to pfcom/salwrap using DLL linkage.

Modules in the plugin-layer at the top would communicate with these “Content using” modules. In the implementation they never directly communicate with salwrap/pfcom. Plug-in modules uses these modules using COM. There are tough, exceptions, a couple of functions can be used in pfcom trough COM. Its also possible to use SAL (salExec0) using COM (omgmisc.dll DLL link to salwrap.dll salExec0).

....................................................................................................	+ UI
				SonicStage                                                              omgjukebox.exe
....................................................................................................
	^			   ^
	|			   |
	| COM			   | COM
	v			   v
.................................................................................................... Plug-in layer (AVLib)
     + CheckOut			+Playback		    + PlayBack
     + CheckIn			+Convert		    + Convert
 ---------------------     ------------------------	------------------------
 |  NetMD.dll        |     |	OpcOmg.dll	  |     |      OpcWMA.dll      |
 ---------------------	   ------------------------     ------------------------
 ---------------------
    NetMDAPI.dll
 ---------------------
 ---------------------
    NetMDUSB.dll
 ---------------------
.................................................................................................... OpenMG
				    ^
				    | COM
			DLL	    v                 DLL
-----------------------	    -----------------------	   --------------------------------------------
    pfcom.dll	      | <->     OmgNetMD.dll	      <->  |    salwrap.dll
		      |     -----------------------	   |
		      |	   -----------------------	   |  - EkbCapabilityTable
 createInstanceForMp3 |	<->     omgconv2.dll          <->  |  - OmgEkb
   		      |	   -----------------------	   |
		      |	   -----------------------	   |  - salExec0
 		      |	<->     MemStick.dll          <->  |      ----------------------
		      |	   -----------------------	   |          SAL VM
                      |					   |      ----------------------
-----------------------	   				   --------------------------------------------
	^
        |
	v
   +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++   +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++  +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
   License repository/Management Area      song file storage section              icv.dat
                                                                                  maclist1.dat, maclist2.dat
    [License information]                   [header | music data ]                ekb\version.ekb
                                                                                  OMGKEY\salomgid.dat
    <OMGDIR>\procfile\	                     <APPDATA DIR>\Sonicstage	          OMGRIGHT\<value>.icv               
   +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++   +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++  +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


.................................................................................................... Secure Applications
 ------------------  -----------------	 -------------------  ------------------  ------------------
   device.sal		init.ocm	   netmd.ocm		icv.ocm		     maclist.ocm             ...
 ------------------  -----------------   -------------------  ------------------  ------------------

 -------------------
  SAL Runtime
 -------------------

....................................................................................................

The ocm-files

OCM-Interpretor:

OCM handling code is stored in a private git repository (run using gitosis). Access is only possible by ssh with public key authentication. To get access, your need to have your ssh public key (either a role-specific one or your standard personal key, doesn't matter) added into the list of authorized keys, just ask in the IRC channel. When your key is added, and you use a role-specific key, add something like this to your .ssh/config

Hostname z6.physik.fu-berlin.de
    IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id-rsa-minidisc

After that, you can clone the repo by using

git-clone gitosis@z6.physik.fu-berlin.de:/ocm

The OCM files (except for init.ocm which contains an extra layer of packing) are interpreted as OCMBytecode

Here is a decoder for native code blocks from OCM files. It is severe works-for-me-quality, having at least the following issues:

  • It does not name imports from salwrap, it just puts offsets into the import table into a generic name. Check here for some name OCMSalwrapExports
  • It is unable to parse named exports
  • It does only support the relocation types (mostly direct imports of compiler helper functions) I needed.

The output of the program is an assembler source file (completely unreadable) that is intended to be compiled by the GNU assembler (Win32 port or cross-assembler in linux) and then loaded into a good disassembler, like IDA 4.9 Freeware for example.

codeblockparser (the format of the codeblocks is in codeblockformat)

Some info about analysing an OCM file can be found in this part of chat log:

ocmchatlog1

These pages show internals of some modules (internal access only)

windowsdlls.txt · Last modified: 2010/04/29 16:48 by megadiscman